UGC NET Exam Arab Culture and Islamic Studies Subject Syllabus

Code No. : 49

UGC NET Arab Culture Paper II

1. Rise of Islam

  • Pre – Islamic Arabia
  • Prophet Muhammad and his life at Makkah
  • His migration to Madinah
  • Prophet’s life at Madinah
  • Formulation of Social system at Madinah (early phase)
  • Basic teachings of Islamic faith
  • Formation of Islamic State at Madinah
  • Socio – economic and political system of Islam
  • Achievements of Prophet Muhammad

2. Khilafat – e – Rashidah

  • Institution of Khilafat
  • Hazrat Abu Bakr : Life and achievements
  • Hazrat Umar : Life and his administration
  • Expansion and consolidation of Islamic State during the caliphate of Hazrat Umar
  • Hazrat Usman : Life and political problems faced by him
  • Hazrat Ali : His life and internal conflicts
  • General assessment of Khilafat – e – Rashidah

3. The Umayyads

  • Establishment of Umayyad dynasty
  • The policy of Arab nationalism adopted by the Umayyads
  • Social conditions under the Umayyad rule
  • Expansion and consolidation of the State
  • System of education under the Umayyads
  • Development of Arabic Language and Literature
  • Art and Architecture under the Umayyads
  • Decline of the Umayyad rule

4. The Abbasids

  • Establishment of Abbasid rule
  • Important caliphs and their achievements
  • Socio – cultural and religious developments
  • Development of education
  • Progress in the fields of various sciences and literature
  • Contribution of Abbasids to Fine Arts
  • Art and architecture under Abbasids
  • Decline of Abbasid rule

5. The Quran

  • Collection and compilation of the Quran
  • Ethical and philosophical teachings
  • Socio – economic and political teachings
  • The origin and development of Tafsir Literature
  • Important Commentators :
    1. Mohammed bin Jarir at-Tabari
    2. Razi
    3. Zamakhshari
    4. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
    5. Abul Ala Maududi
    6. Abul Kalam Azad
    7. Ashraf Ali Thanvi

6. The Hadith and Islamic Jurisprudence

  • Process of collection and compilation of Hadith
  • Early collections of Hadith
  • Transmission and Scrutiny of Hadith
  • Major Collections of Hadith
  • Genesis of Islamic Fiqh and its development
  • Sources of Islamic Law
  • Schools of Islamic Law
  • Contemporary Problems and Islamic Fiqh

7. Dynasties of the East and the West

  • Idrisis and Aghlabids
  • Tulunids and Ikhshidies
  • Hamadanis and Tahirids
  • Samanis and Safavids
  • Qacharis and Pahlavis
  • Ghaznavids, Saljuqs and Khwarizmshahids

8. Medieval Arab States

  • Fatimids
  • Zangids
  • Nurids
  • Ayyubids
  • Mamluks

9. Iran

  • Iranian Society on the eve of Islam
  • Emergence and spread of Islam in Iran
  • Development of Islamic Sciences
  • Religious Ideas : Ithna Ashari, Ismailies, Usulis, Babis and Bahais
  • Development of Persian Literature
  • Contribution to Art and Architecture
  • Revolution of 1979

10. Arabs in Spain

  • Conquest of Spain
  • Umayyad rule in Spain
  • Socio – cultural developments in Spain
  • Intellectual, educational and literary development in Spain
  • Art and architecture under Umayyads in Spain
  • Cordova and Grenada
  • Decline of Umayyad rule in Spain

11. Ottoman Empire

  • Establishment of Ottoman Empire
  • Rise of Ottomans
  • Important Ottoman rulers
  • Contribution of Ottomans to various sciences
  • Contribution of Ottomans to art and architecture
  • Decline of Ottoman Empire

12. Muslim Contribution to Various Sciences

  • Medicine
  • Mathematics
  • Astronomy
  • Chemistry
  • Historiography
  • Geography
  • Rational Sciences

13. Muslim Contribution to Art and Architecture

  • Painting
  • Calligraphy
  • Music
  • Glass work
  • Pottery
  • Engraving
  • Handicraft
  • Salient features of Islamic Architecture

14. Important Islamic Thinkers

  • Mawardi
  • Ibn Taimiyah
  • Ibn Khaldun
  • Shah Waliullah
  • Syed Qutub Shaheed
  • Hasan al – Banna
  • Allamah Iqbal
  • Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
  • Jamaluddin Afghani
  • Muhammad Abduhu

UGC NET Arab Culture Paper III (A) ( Core Group )

Unit – I

  • Geographical and Environmental conditions
  • Arab Kingdom : North and South
  • Social Life of Bedouin and Settled Arabs
  • Cultural evolution of the Arabs
  • Religious conditions
  • Socio – political conditions
  • Commercial and economic activities
  • Arabic Language and Literature

Unit – II

  • Prophet Muhammad and his life at Makkah
  • His migration to Madinah
  • Prophet’s life at Madinah
  • Formulation of Social system at Madinah (early phase)
  • Basic teachings of Islamic faith
  • Formation of Islamic State
  • Socio – economic and political system of Islam
  • Achievements of Prophet Muhammad

Unit – III

  • Institution of Khilafat
  • Hazrat Abu Bakr : Life and achievements
  • Hazrat Umar : Life and his adrninistration
  • Expansion and consolidation of Islamic State during the caliphate of Hazrat Umar
  • Hazrat Usman : Life and political problems faced by him
  • Hazrat Ali : His life and internal conflicts
  • General assessment of Khilafat – e – Rashidah

Unit – IV

  • Establishment of Umayyad Dynasty
  • The policy of Arab nationalism adopted by the Umayyads
  • Social conditions under the Umayyad rule
  • Expansion and consolidation of the State
  • System of education under the Umayyads
  • Development of Arabic Language and Literature
  • Art and Architecture under the Umayyads
  • Decline of the Umayyad rule

Unit – V

  • Establishment of Abbasid rule
  • Important caliphs and their achievements
  • Socio – cultural and religious developments
  • Development of education
  • Progress in the fields of various sciences and literature
  • Contribution of Abbasids to Fine Arts
  • Art and architecture under Abbasids

Unit – VI

  • Collection and compilation of the Quran
  • Ethical and philosophical teachings
  • Socio – economic and political teachings
  • The origin and development of Tafsir Literature
  • Important Commentators :
    1. Mohammed bin jarir at-Tabari
    2. Razi
    3. Zamakhshari
    4. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
    5. Abul Ala Maududi
    6. Abul Kalam Azad
    7. Ashraf Ali Thanvi

Unit – VII

  • Collection and compilation of Hadith
  • Transmission and Scrutiny of Hadith
  • Genesis of Islamic Fiqh and its development
  • Major Collections of Hadith
  • Sources of Islamic Law
  • Schools of Islamic Law
  • Contemporary Problems and Islamic Fiqh

Unit – VIII

  • Arabs reaction and response to Greek Philosophy
  • Arab Philosophers
    1. Al – Kindi
    2. Al – Farabi
    3. Al – Ghazzali
    4. Ibn – e – Rushd
  • Development of Ilmul – Kalam
  • Mutazalites and Asharites
  • Shah Waliullah and his contribution to Muslim philosophy

Unit – IX

  • Origin and development of Sufism
  • Impact of Sufism on Indian Society
  • Important Sufi orders
    1. Chishti
    2. Naqshbandi
    3. Suhrawardi
    4. Qadiri
  • Sufi and Bhakti movements
  • Important works of Sufism
    1. Awarif – al – Ma’arif
    2. Futuhat al – Makkiyyah
    3. Maqasid al – Arifin

Unit – X

  • Sunnis
  • Shias
  • Khawarij
  • Ahl – e – Hadith
  • Al – Ikhwan – al – Muslimun
  • Al – Ba’th
  • Jam’at – e – Islami
  • Sannusi Movement

UGC NET Arab Culture Paper III (B) [ Elective / Optional ]

Elective – I

Islamic Studies : Contemporary Muslim World

  • Reform movements in India
  • Socio – religious development in modern Iran
  • Socio – Political developments in modern Turkey

Elective – II

Arab Culture : Indo – Arab Relations

  • Impact of Western Civilization on Arabs
  • Contemporary Indo – Arab relations
  • India as depicted in Arab writings

UGC NET Exam Syllabus Index

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