Code No : 04
UGC NET Psychology Paper II
1. Perceptual Processes
- Approaches to the Study of Perception : Gestalt and physiological approaches.
- Perceptual Organization : Gestalt, Figure and Ground, Laws of Organization.
- Perceptual Constancy : Size, Shape and Brightness, Illusion; Perception of Depth and Movements.
- Role of motivation and learning in perception.
2. Learning Process
- Classical conditioning : Procedure, Phenomena and related issues.
- Instrumental learning : Phenomena, Paradigms and theoretical issues.
- Reinforcement: Basic variables and schedules.
- Verbal learning : Methods and materials, organizational processes.
3. Memory and forgetting
- Memory Processes : Encoding, Storage, Retrieval.
- Stages of Memory : Sensory memory, Short – term Memory ( STM ) and Long – term Memory ( LTM ).
- Episodic and Semantic memory.
- Theories of Forgetting : Interference, decay, retrieval.
4. Thinking and Problem Solving
- Theories of thought processes : Associationism, Gestalt, Information processing.
- Concept formation : Rules and strategies.
- Reasoning : Deductive and inductive.
- Problem – Solving : Type and strategies.
- Role of concepts in thinking.
5. Motivation and Emotion
- Basic Motivational Concepts : Instincts, needs, drives, incentives, motivational cycle.
- Approaches to the Study of Motivation : Psychoanalytical, ethological, S – R Cognitive, humanistic.
- Biological Motives : Hunger, thirst, sleep and sex.
- Social Motives : Achievement, affiliation, approval
- Exploratory behaviour and curiosity
- Physiological correlates of emotions.
- Theories of emotions : James – Lange, Canon – Bard, Schachter and Singer.
- Conflicts : Sources and types.
6. Human Abilities
- Intelligence : Biological, Social, Eco – cultural determinants.
- Theories of intelligence : Spearman, Thurston, Guilford.
- Individual and group differences : Extent and causes.
- Measurement of human abilities.
- Determinants of personality : Biological and socio – cultural.
- Approaches to the study of personality : Psychoanalytic, neo – freudian, social learning, trait and type, cognitive.
- Personality Assessment : Psychometric and projective tests.
- Self – Concept : Origin and development.
8. Research Methodology
- Research problems, hypothesis, variables and their operationalization
- Types of psychological research.
- Methods of Psychological Research : Experimental, Quasi – experimental, case studies, field studies and cross – cultural studies.
- Methods of data collection : Observation, interview, questionnaire, tests and scales. Non – parametric tests
9. Measurement and Testing
- UGC NET Test Construction : Item writing, item analysis.
- UGC NET Test Standardization : Reliability, validity and norms.
- Types of Tests : Intelligence, aptitude, personality – characteristics and important examples.
- Attitude scales and interest inventories.
- Educational measurement and evaluation.
10. Biological Basis of Behaviour
- Receptors, effectors and adjuster mechanisms.
- Neural impulse : Origin, conduction and measurement.
- Sensory system : Vision and Audition.
- Human nervous system : Structure and functions.
UGC NET Psychology Paper III ( A ) [ Core Group ]
Unit – I
- Signal detection theory, subliminal perception and related factors, information processing approach to perception, culture and perception, perceptual styles. Ecological perspective on perception.
Unit – II
- Learning theories : Hull, Tolman, Skinner.
- Cognitive approaches in learning: Latent learning, observational learning.
- Experimental analysis of behaviour : Behaviour modification, shaping Discrimination learning.
- Neurophysiology of learning.
Unit – III
- Models of memory : Atkinson and Shiffrin, Craik and Lockhart, Tulving.
- Semantic memory : Episodic, trace model and network model.
- Long – term memory : Retrieval cues, flashbulb memory, constructive processes in memory, eyewitness testimony, autobiographical memory.
- Biological basis of memory : The search for the engram, PET scan, and biochemical factors in memory.
- Improving memory : Strategies.
Unit – IV
- Cognitive Strategies : Algorhythms and heuristics.
- Convergent and divergent thinking.
- Decision – making; impediments to problem – solving.
- Creative thinking and problem – solving.
- Language and thought.
Unit – V
- Historical antecedents of motivation from Mechanism to Cognition.
- Cognitive bases of motivation : Intrinsic motivation, Attribution, Competence.
- Measurement of motives : Issues and techniques.
- Cross – cultural perspectives of motivation : Achievement, Aggression.
- Components of Emotion : Physiological, expressive and cognitive.
- Neural mechanism of emotion : Central and peripheral.
- Measurent of Emotions : Physiological, expressive and cognitive measures.
- Current theories of emotions and facial feedback hypothesis.
- Stress and coping : Reactions to stress, outcomes of stress.
Unit – VI
- Theories of intelligence : Cattell, Jensen, Sternberg Goleman.
- Creativity : Views of Torrance, Getzels, Guilford.
- Intelligence and creativity : Relationship.
- Abilities and achievement : Concept and role of emotional intelligence.
Unit – VII
- Clinical and growth approaches to personality.
- Existential and humanistic theories of personality : Frankl, Rollo May, Maslow, Rogers.
- Personality assessment : Projective, psychometric and behavioural measures.
- Psychology of self : Western and Eastern perspectives, measurement of self.
Unit – VIII
- Research designs : Correlational, factorial, randomized block, matched group, quasi – experimental, time series design.
- ANOVA : Randomized and repeated.
- Correlational analysis : Partial, multiple and regression analysis.
- Factor analysis : Assumptions, methods, rotation and interpretation.
Unit – IX
- Psychological scaling : Purpose and methods.
- Sources of bias in psychological testing.
- Ethical issues in psychological testing.
- Application of factor analysis in standardization of tests – with Important illustrations.
Unit – X
- Methods of Physiological psychology : Lesion and Brain Stimulation.
- Sleep and waking : Stages of sleep, Disorders of sleep and Physiological mechanisms of sleep and waking.
- Ingestive Behaviour : Drinking and its neural mechanism; hunger and its neural mechanism.
- Endocrine System : Chemical and glandular.
UGC NET Psychology Paper III ( B ) [ Elective / Optional ]
Elective – I
- Current trends in Social Psychology.
- Social cognition.
- Social influence.
- Prosocial behaviour.
- Applied social psychology : Health, Environment and Law.
Elective – II
- Development processes : Nature, Principles and related.
- concepts – maturity, experience factors in development : Biogenic, Psychogenic and Sociogenic.
- Stages of Development : Theories of Development : Psychoanalytic, Behaviouristic and cognitive.
- Various aspects of development : Sensory – motor, cognitive, language, emotional, social and moral.
Elective – III
- Human development and individual differences.
- Motivation and learning.
- Factors in educational achievement.
- Social psychology of education.
- Teacher effectiveness.
- Guidance in schools : Needs, organizational set up and techniques.
- Counselling : Process and areas.
Elective – IV
- Development of industrial and organizational psychology.
- Selection processes in organization.
- Organizational training.
- Performance appraisal.
- Motivation and work.
- Work environment.
- Organizational behaviour : Theories, socialization, effectiveness.
Elective – V
- Psychopathology : Concepts, classification and causes : clinical diagnostics.
- Common clinical disorders.
- Mental Retardation.
- Mental Health : Intervention models and psychotherapies.
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